How Did The Fall Of Constantinople Affect European Exploration

How did the cultural interaction and diffusion of the period impact various global regions? 5. However, vestiges of the glory of the Roman Empire lived on in the. Some experts believe the fall of the Roman Empire was necessary to dismantle the old Roman slave system in favor of equitable societies. On April 2, 1453, the Ottoman army, led by the 21-year-old Sultan Mehmed II, laid siege to the city with 80,000 men. It cemented the Ottoman position in the then world and gave them the keys to Eastern Europe. The significance of the fall of Constantinople cannot be overstated. 4) Explain the causes and difussion of the Black Death throughout Western Europe. THE CITY THAT ONCE WAS CONSTANTINOPLE. Describe the rise, achievements, decline and demise of the Byzantine Empire; the relationships of Byzantine and Western Civil izations; the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453; and the impact on European peoples living in the Turkish (Ottoman) Empire. 1453 (Fall of Constantinople) Â. The loss of Constantinople also severed European trade links with Asia leading many to begin seeking routes east by sea and keying the age of exploration. The correct answer is (A). "Historians from the Middle Ages to the present day have developed a 'model' of the rise and fall of the Templars: the pure ideals of the first knights became contaminated as the Order grew rich and became involved in politics; the Order became corrupt and greedy and increasingly unpopular, and meanwhile the West lost interest in the Crusades; so when Philip IV of France attacked the Order for. a challenge to the Christian nations of Europe that weren't about to stand by and let Islamic. They moved gradually westward and were noted first in Roman records as a new presence somewhere beyond Persia. The third effect was that the fall of Constantinople was the culmination of the rise of the Ottoman Empire, a Muslim superpower of the age, that made trade with the Far East more difficult to Western Europeans, and made them look for alternative routes in the Atlantic. Equinor ASA (NYSE:EQNR) Q1 2020 Earnings Conference Call May 07, 2020 5:30 AM ET Company Participants Peter Hutton – Senior Vice President, Investor Relations L. This lesson will provide the background, summary, and far-reaching impact of this historical conflict. It was finally extinguished by the fall of Constantinople, its capital, in 1453See also Eastern Roman Empire. Waltari was born on 19 September 1908 into a religious family, but lost his father at the age of 5. The empire began to decline in the 16th century, partly because of the weakness of its sultans, but it remained a world power until the early 20th century. T he ancient city of Constantinople, located in modern Turkey and today known as Istanbul, was founded by the Roman Emperor Constantine in 330 who made it the seat of his reign. Hagia Sophia now known as the Ayasofya Museum, was the greatest Christian cathedral of the Middle Ages, later converted into an imperial mosque in 1453 by the Ottoman Empire, and into a museum in 1935. Spain sent explorers called conquistadors to the New World to find gold, claim land, & spread Christianity Cortez conquere d the Aztecs Pizarro conque red the Inca The influx of gold from America made Spain the most powerful country in Europe during the early years of the Age of Exploration. Impact of Byzantine Culture on Russia & Eastern Europe. 7 The Plague of Justinian had devastating effects, killing an estimated 25 million during the initial outbreak and subsequent recurrences for the next two centuries. With the fall of Rome, many changes occurred throughout Europe. • The fall of Constantinople and general establishment of the Turks in that region also severed the main overland trade link between Europe and Asia – as a result more Europeans began to seriously consider the possibility of reaching. The city is currently known as Istanbul, Turkey. asked by anonymous on May 22, 2019; social stuides. What city sat at the center of trade, who did the Byzantines trade with, and what products did they receive? The Two Economies of Early Medieval Europe: Heavy Plows (p. Byzantine Empire Map At Its Height, Timeline, Over Time – Istanbul Clues The Foundation Of Constantinople A. Despite the strength of the parallels between the two eras, it would be unwarranted to conclude. (3) Southeast Asia became Europe’s greatest trading partner. And as for falls into heresy, these had been frequent and sometimes prolonged, as in the time of the iconoclasts - but both the Church and. Many scholars and artists fled Constantinople and came to Italy _____5. The empresses did not find enough support in Europe, and Constantinople was soon forgotten when yet another Russo-Turkish War erupted (and Russia annexed Crimea in 1783). The effect the Spanish had on the Aztec Empire is a mixed lot. During Europe's "Dark Ages" (the earliest medieval period from circa AD 476 until around 700), Constantinople (the former Byzantium) shone like a beacon in an era of shadow. Unaffected by the ravages of Europe's 100 Years War and Spain's civil strife, Portugal became the first European nation to embark on a program of exploration. When the city of Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks* in 1453, the overland trade route to the East was disrupted. The Aztecs were a primitive people who practiced rituals that. The experience of visiting the Holy Land in which. TITLE OF THE POLITICAL LEADER OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE. Key concepts: disease and demography. The Roman Empire didn't end with the 476 depositions of the Western Emperor Romulus or the Fall of Rome. Marco Polo (1254-1324) was a Venetian merchant believed to have journeyed across Asia at the height of the Mongol Empire. It would fall to Constantine to stabilise the new world order that became known as Late Antiquity. Another of the Venetian trophies in 1204 was the bronze quadriga, the horses and chariot which had decorated one end of the Hippodrome in Constantinople. The Liberation of Constantinople. Although the fall of Constantinople was not the only factor that brought an end to the Middle Ages (I would argue that the Middle Ages were already over), it did have a significant impact. Constantinople was a city worth fighting for - its position as a bridge between Europe and. At an immediate and practical level, conquest, colonization and trade led to modes. However, vestiges of the glory of the Roman Empire lived on in the. Yellowstone National Park Essay “Leisure, in its broadest sense, provides an excellent lens through which we can better understand contemporary Western society’s relationships with nature. The city is currently known as Istanbul, Turkey. Yes, the collapse was gradual, I wouldn't say otherwise. Following this, Europeans started to look for other places in farther west, paving the way for new discoveries. Europe changed history by looking for colonies and resources outside of Europe. Ottoman conquest of Constantinople, but not the Safavid Empire. Answer each of the following questions using complete sentences. , assume that 50% of the ancestry is Iberian, and assume that 25% of that 50% is steppe). Although the fall of Constantinople was not the only factor that brought an end to the Middle Ages (I would argue that the Middle Ages were already over), it did have a significant impact. When Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Empire, a large number of scholars and artists fled to Italy. The Age of Exploration or Age of Discovery as it is sometimes called, officially began in the early 15th century and lasted until the 17th century. The plague would have a major impact on the future course of European history. ” Such a thesis can be best understood through a socio-cultural exploration of the complex relationship of man with nature, and how it has evolved through time. Despite the strength of the parallels between the two eras, it would be unwarranted to conclude. Japan and China are still on holiday, but most of the other markets in Asia fell, led. These diseases were spread as part of the Columbian Exchange and led to the deaths of millions of people. governed out of Byzantium (later Constantinople) and the Western Empire governed from Rome. Assess the impact of climatic change on European agriculture and population in the early fourteenth century. Constantinople fell in 1453. Equinor ASA (NYSE:EQNR) Q1 2020 Earnings Conference Call May 07, 2020 5:30 AM ET Company Participants Peter Hutton – Senior Vice President, Investor Relations L. The Fall of Constantinople also contributed European trade links with Asia which lead many to seek routes east by sea and ignite the Age of Exploration. World Contacts Before Columbus · Fall of Constantinople and Ottoman control created obstacles to fulfilling these demands Impact of European Settlement on the Lives of Indigenous People. Taking place on May 29, 1453, this turning point in European history marked the final conquest of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire by the Ottoman Turkish Empire, a domain that covered territory in southeastern Europe, Asia Minor, the Middle East, and North Africa. At that point, the Concert of Europe ceased to perform its central function, although it continued to exist until the outbreak of the First World War. On a November day in 1095, in Auvergne, France, Pope Urban II gave one of the most important speeches in world history as he presided over an assembly of important clergymen and officials of the. 1492 -- Columbus to America/Jews and Muslims expelled from Spain. The main effect of the fall of Constantinople in 1453 was the downfall of the Byzantine Empire and the rise of the Ottoman Empire. The effect the Spanish had on the Aztec Empire is a mixed lot. But Mehmed the Conqueror's dramatic victory at Constantinople, which at first appeared to expand Islamic power, actually weakened existing Muslim trade networks. The Islamic world was already heavily influenced by the Byzantines before the fall of Constantinople. Who was the group that defeated the Byzantines once and for all? 7. Waltari was born on 19 September 1908 into a religious family, but lost his father at the age of 5. In what Antonios (1938/1946). McKay describes the impact of the Fall of Constantinople (1453) on Europe thin A History of Western Society 10 ed. For Mehmed, the capture of the city earned him the title "The Conqueror" and provided him with a key base for campaigns into Europe. 1) The Fall of Constantinople. After the capture of the city, the Latin Empire (known to the Byzantines as the Frankokratia or the Latin Occupation) was established and Baldwin of Flanders was crowned Emperor. The Ottoman Empire Encourages European Exploration By Kallie Szczepanski Source: About Education Beginning in the 1400s, a new power arose in Anatolia and the Middle East. Churches in the feudal system got highest powers then ever. The fall of Constantinople relates to the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire by the Ottoman Turks. Martin's, 2011). The fall of Constantinople in 1453 was a devastating blow to Europe both politically and economically. They only cared about gold and spices. It was well under way a generation earlier, due to the perfection of the caravel in Portugal under Prince Henry the Navigator and the explorations he launched down the coast of Africa. While the common consensus is that the impact of the Vikings during the Viking Age, which lasted from about 800 AD to 1100 AD, was not very enduring as the Vikings were skilled at assimilating into the local population, the Viking culture has had a lasting impact on the art, technology, society. (2) European trade with Africa and South America increased. Mehmed II earned the nickname ‘Conqueror,’ and the city of Constantinople gave him a valuable base for further European conquest. So the main power that was left in Rome at that time was mainly religious. Constantinople was a prime hub in a trading network that at various times extended across nearly all of Eurasia and North Africa. GLOBAL REGENTS REVIEW PACKET 11 - PAGE 1 of 20 Slavery had its greatest effect on Europe and Asia. After the Fall of Rome in 476 the Popes saw themselves as the leaders of the faith. In Renaissance: Origins and rise of humanism. With the loss of Constantinople in 1453, European nations fronting the Atlantic sought new maritime routes for trade. Crusades from World Book. (NYSE:GTT) Q1 2020 Earnings Conference Call May 8, 2020 8:30 a. The Portuguese were great seafarers. Born of the society of the Eastern Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire lasted throughout the Middle Ages - its traditions and culture at once Greek and Latin. Many histories, including some of recent vintage, cite the fall of Constantinople as a spur to the Age of Discovery. Some 30,000 to 40,000 civilians who rendered valuable service by repairing the 18-mile-long walls of the city before and during the siege. The Islamic world was already heavily influenced by the Byzantines before the fall of Constantinople. The exploration :. The migration waves of Byzantine scholars and émigrés in the period following the Crusader sacking of Constantinople in 1204 and the end of the Byzantine Empire in 1453, is considered by many scholars key to the revival of Greek and Roman studies that led to the development of the Renaissance humanism and science. A map of Viking raids and settlements by Max Naylor. The final fall of Constantinople was a shock, but not much of a surprise. WHY DID CONSTANTINOPLE FALL. Constantinople was founded by Constantine to serve as a new imperial capital for the Roman Empire, and it would remain one of the great cities in Europe across the Middle Ages, long after the. After fighting heroically for 1000 years, the Empire finally came to an end. Mehmed II earned the nickname 'Conqueror,' and the city of Constantinople gave him a valuable base for further European conquest. This gave the early Christian civilization of Germany time to acquire sufficient strength to roll back the returning tide of Mohammedan invasion when it broke upon Europe in the. Many Greek scholars fled Constantinople before and after the fall of the City due to the Ottoman menace They went to Italy, where they were welcomed. The beginning of the fall of Constantinople, the capitol of the Byzantine. governed out of Byzantium (later Constantinople) and the Western Empire governed from Rome. Despite what had been the gradual demise of Constantinople, its fall came as a shock to much of Europe. Most of the natives had never seen a white man and had little knowledge of smallpox, its etymology, or the speed by which it can affect a person and the rigors of pain associated with the same. Why did many Crusaders undertake the dangerous journey to reconquer the Holy Land? _____ _____ 5. The Islamic world was already heavily influenced by the Byzantines before the fall of Constantinople. Only the northern coast of Africa was known in any detail, whilst the further reaches of Asia were largely the stuff of fable; Trading routes were threatened by the Turkish Empire, especially after the fall of Constantinople (now Istanbul) to the Turks in 1453. The Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453 CE marked the final collapse of the Roman Empire. What impact did Gutenberg's invention of the moveable type printing press in 1440 have on life in Europe? nautical devices, cartography, naval engineering (plus curiosity, spirit of adventure, economic factors) - will lead to Age of Exploration). Gonzalo Cabral. In 1453 Constantinople fell due to invasions from the Muslims. As Europe entered the period known as the High Middle Ages, the church became the universal and unifying institution. As Constantinople was called the "gate of Europe", its capture by the Turks, in 1453, marked the starting point of the Turkish invasion into Europe. In 1486, Bartholomeu Dias and his crew became the first. And as for falls into heresy, these had been frequent and sometimes prolonged, as in the time of the iconoclasts - but both the Church and. The Fall of Constantinople in 1453 ended a centuries-long battle between the Muslim world and the Byzantine Empire. The Byzantine Empire was the core of western civilization and it continued to nurture Christianity after the fall of Rome. Constantinople. Another possible starting point is the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453. So, after the fall of Constantinople, Western Europe was in effect financing the war against itself. Trading routes were threatened by the Turkish Empire, especially after the fall of Constantinople (now Istanbul) to the Turks in 1453. The excerpts are translated and edited from the original writings of Abdullah Bin Bashar Al Khath`amy, whose father was present at the siege. (NYSE American: LLEX) (the. The capture of Constantinople stated the end of the Roman Empire, which lasted for about one thousand five hundred years. Effect The fall of Constantinople and its siege by the Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire which had endured for more than a 1,000 years. The Crusades (1095-1291) were a series of European Catholic campaigns into the Middle East, fought during the Middle Ages. The Age of Exploration, or the Age of Discovery, saw an assertion of European power that hadn't been seen since the time of the Crusades. Age of exploration started nearly half a century before the fall of Constantinople. Its capital, Constantinople, was one of the great early cities, with a population of nearly one million people, several imperial palaces, and a vast system of roads, shops, and public spaces. The fall of Constantinople in 1453 signaled a shift in history and the end of the Byzantium Empire. Key eurozone markets were more than 3. Charlemagne from History. Constantinople was a city worth fighting for - its position as a bridge between Europe and. After the capture of the city, the Latin Empire (known to the Byzantines as the Frankokratia or the Latin Occupation) was established and Baldwin of Flanders was crowned Emperor. Many thousands of Jews and Christians die in Europe in this first summer of the first crusade. Byzantine Empire from Ducksters. The plague, named the Black Death by later historians, had a devastating effect on the European population in the fourteenth century. The Fourth Crusade was launched by Pope Innocent III (r. Roger Crowley's listenable and comprehensive account of the battle. From the fall of Constantinople, the Black Death, shifts in humanistic thought, the splitting of Christendom, to the Voyages that led to the Columbian Exchange, the early modern world came into existence with the help of many forces. Portugal lacked the numbers and wealth to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean. This post recounts the causes which led to the war, as well as the effects on the rest of the European countries. SSWH 4 E Describe the. western europe was forced to look to the sea instead for commerce, leading to the age of exploration. How did the intendants in France help create centralized control? What did Louis XIV do that helped create absolute monarchies? Explain two concepts invented during the Scientific Revolution in Europe? How did the enlightenment affect French writers? How did Europeans measure their wealth in the 17th century? Explain how the mercantilism system. After the fall of Constantinople in 1204 AD, the Byzantine empire was almost broken. a challenge to the Christian nations of Europe that weren't about to stand by and let Islamic. WHY EXPLORE • YES!. Budapest _____4. How did slavery in the pre-modern Islamic world compare to slavery in the Americas? 19. New resources were a pretty big thing for Europe. The whole of Europe depended on the trade routes passing through Constantinople for its gold, silver and spices. The Ottoman Empire rose from a small principality to the foremost powerful state in the Mediterranean and Europe. With that entry denied, Western Europe was forced to seek new avenues. And the other political effects of the Crusades was that in checking the advance of the Turks the fall of Constantinople was postponed for three centuries or more. First settled in the seventh century B. The Ottomans quickly became an undeniable force and ended all other Turkish dynasties. It was the end of the classical world and the crowning of an Ottoman Empire that would last until 1922. Yet, if this was the sole cause, a diplomatic solution would have been found through the mechanism of the Concert. What happened after the reign of Süleyman the Magnificent and why? 3. Europe needed gold (and silver) to fuel the rising banking system Europeans also desired spices Other natural resources would come to be sold for profit as well (timber, sugar, tobacco, ivory, etc. They became famous by teaching Greek language and literature to the people. The Ottoman Empire was ultimately victorious in the Byzantine-Ottoman wars, which culminated in the fall of Constantinople in 1453. Even a cursory exploration of this method for visualizing routes between just three sites reveals distinct patterns in route variability based on time and priority in the ORBIS model. The fall of Constantinople was when the Ottoman Empire took over Constantinople, the capital city of the Byzantine Empire, on 29 May 1453. It was the political epicenter of the Byzantine Empire as well as the Ottomans, who upon their victory in conquering Constantinople would have not imagined the global impact of their decision in severing trade links between Europe and Asia. It also meant that Constantinople could become the capital of the Ottoman Empire. How Lakes Affect Weather ; Lakes Formed by Dams ; Myths and Legends About Lakes ; Pollution, Overuse, and Global Warming ; Mountains of the World ; How Mountains Are Made ; Volcanoes ; Life in the Mountains ; Mountain Animals and Plants ; Mountain Climbing ; Mountain Environments ; Famous Ocean Explorers ; The Layers of the Ocean ; How the Oceans Formed. But it was not only its size that impressed the Crusaders, its buildings, churches and palaces, the huge forums and gardens, and, above all, its riches struck awe in the western visitors. The greatest shock to Christian Europe came, however, with the fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans in 1453. However, while its supremacy lasted and the empire declined slowly. 840 Words 4 Pages. So the main power that was left in Rome at that time was mainly religious. Charlemagne from Mr. It was the empire of the Orthodox Catholics, not the Holy Roman (Roman Catholic) Empire. Many histories, including some of recent vintage, cite the fall of Constantinople as a spur to the Age of Discovery. The Fall of Constantinople The capital of Constantinople had been under attack many times before, and all have failed, all but one. More localised kingdoms took over, different ethnic groups were now the main players, the Roman political system as it originally existed with a senate and an emperor disappeared, no more centralised power over all of the area that Rome's empire used to have, etc. Roger Crowley's listenable and comprehensive account of the battle. Negative impact of European exploration: Health: With European exploration on a full swing, it was inevitable that there would be a health outbreak. Smithsonian Magazine: Renaissance Table Etiquette and the Origin of Manners. Table of Contents: Part 1 The Fall of Constantinople. through the fall of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s. The city was mainly populated by Christians and now has become an Islamic city. By 1453 (the year Constantinople fell and the Byzantine Empire ceased to exist), the Renaissance had already achieved critical mass in both Italy and Northern Europe. History of Plague in Europe Prior to the medieval European pandemic, plague was not new to Europe, but its effects were confined due to limited exchange. By 1453 (the year Constantinople fell and the Byzantine Empire ceased to exist), the Renaissance had already achieved critical mass in both Italy and Northern Europe. from the remnants of the Western Roman Empire. And the other political effects of the Crusades was that in checking the advance of the Turks the fall of Constantinople was postponed for three centuries or more. How did the fur trade in North American compared to Russia? 18. African American Culture 5 Essay Question# 4: African cultures, by and large, bring a similar world view to the relationship between man and the spiritual realm, one that is marked by an extremely personal interaction. 1521 -- Luther’s Trial at Worms and his conviction for heresy. The siege and sack of Constantinople occurred in April 1204 and marked the culmination of the Fourth Crusade. a challenge to the Christian nations of Europe that weren't about to stand by and let Islamic. This is the case of Constantinople, where European ships always hoped to buy as customers fascinated, faithful and secure. The Ottoman Empire Encourages European Exploration By Kallie Szczepanski Source: About Education Beginning in the 1400s, a new power arose in Anatolia and the Middle East. The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks May 29, 1453. An Ottoman army even invaded Italy in 1481. The capture of Constantinople 1 was a strategic victory for 21-year old Mehmed the Conqueror 2. It was finally extinguished by the fall of Constantinople, its capital, in 1453See also Eastern Roman Empire. 1) The Fall of Constantinople. ” Such a thesis can be best understood through a socio-cultural exploration of the complex relationship of man with nature, and how it has evolved through time. One of their number wrote, 'No history could ever relate marvels greater than those as far as the fortunes of war are concerned'. 1492 -- Columbus to America/Jews and Muslims expelled from Spain. From the fall of Constantinople, the Black Death, shifts in humanistic thought, the splitting of Christendom, to the Voyages that led to the Columbian. According to the video, how did the Muslims destroy the walls of Constantinople?. European nations began to look for alternatives. Many Byzantine scholars fled westward, particularly to Italy, and made a substantial contribution to the Renaissance. This event marked the final destruction of the Eastern Roman ("Byzantine") Empire, and the death of the last Roman Emperor, Constantine XI. The Fall of Constantinople occurred on May 29, 1453, after a siege which began on April 6. Hi, and welcome to this video on the Age of Exploration. Impact of Byzantine Culture on Russia & Eastern Europe. Who gained in power in Western Europe after the Fall of the City of Rome? 3. Byzantine Empire from Ducksters. What was the main disagreement that led to the Great Schism? 6. Why did Ferdinand and Isabella decide to expel Jews and Moors from the Iberian peninsula? 2. It was the gradual decline of the Byzantine Empire and then the Fall of Constantinople in 1452. Rus Vikings attack Constantinople (Istanbul). When the Ottoman Turks took the city, it was a symbol of the rise of Islam and the fall of the center of Christianity, making the Ottoman Empire the most powerful in all of South Eastern Europe and marking the end of the Eastern Roman Empire. When the Ottoman Empire took control of the western end of the ancient Silk Road, its policies and rivalries disrupted the flow of Asian luxury goods into Europe. GLOBAL REGENTS REVIEW PACKET 11 - PAGE 7 of 20 What was a result of the explorers’ voyages illustrated on this map? (1) Europe became increasingly isolated. The First G: Gold Gold was a hot item that explorers were looking for, but remember that it is really wealth, not just literal gold that explorers were after. Yet, if this was the sole cause, a diplomatic solution would have been found through the mechanism of the Concert. Lamoureux, March/April 2009 Introduction. the ottoman capture of Constantinople motivate the age of exploration due to fact that even that age of exploration already started near 100 years erlier the growing influence of the Ottoman Empire made mainland trade route to India and China (most of all silk rode) regulated and after conquest of Hungary silk rode was compleatly shut in 1526 thefore after such event like fall of. The correct answer is (A). The city is currently known as Istanbul, Turkey. The battle lasted from April 6 to May 29, 1453. Indeed, it appears that the use of the term "turkey" for poultry was the result, mainly, of European explorers' confusing it with another bird: Not a turkey. The exploration :. 3) Describe the emergence and transformation of new urban centers during the later Middle Ages. GREEKS still consider Tuesday an unlucky day. The population of the city had collapsed so severely that it was now little more than a cluster of villages separated by fields. Portugal lacked the numbers and wealth to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean. Hagia Sophia - Istanbul, Turkey. Despite his pleas, no Western monarch stepped forward to leadthe effort. The battle was part of the Byzantine-Ottoman Wars (1265-1453) and is referred to as one of the darkest. This focus enables exploration of the role of collections in identity formation, place making and the production of knowledge. For Mehmed, the capture of the city earned him the title "The Conqueror" and provided him with a key base for campaigns into Europe. What impact might the fall of Constantinople in 1453 have had on the Reconquista? How did Jews, Muslims, and Christians view the Reconquista? The Inquisition? Why did Ferdinand and Isabella adopt the policy to expel Jews and Moors from the Iberian Peninsula?. The contributions traveled to European economic centers from Byzantine and Islamic cities like Constantinople and Alexandria. These diseases were spread as part of the Columbian Exchange and led to the deaths of millions of people. Use different colors for each of the explorations. Constantinople occupies one of the most beautiful and advantageous sites in the world, uniting as it does Europe with Asia and putting in communication the Black Sea and all Southern Russia with the greater part of Europe and Asia, and even with distant America. Please read what i have and try to think of what i can put on the list. The translation into Latin of most Islamic works during the 12 th and 13 th centuries had a great impact upon the European Renaissance. The treasure of the New World flowed into Europe. So, after the fall of Constantinople, Western Europe was in effect financing the war against itself. This event marked the final destruction of the Eastern Roman ("Byzantine") Empire, and the death of the last Roman Emperor, Constantine XI. The capture of Constantinople 1 was a strategic victory for 21-year old Mehmed the Conqueror 2. What was the main effect of the Fall of Constantinople in 1453? The Byzantines moved northeast and formed the Russian Empire. Europe's reaction to this was to embark on an age of exploration. (Boston: Bedford/St. 338-339) 23. However, he had a powerful defensive weapon in the form of his capital Constantinople, protected by an impregnable wall system. Constantinople was important for the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. Historians often disagree on the impact, both positive and negative, that the Spanish had on Aztec civilization. The Black Death, for example, found Europe in a dismal state of misery in the 14th century. Identify major effects of the Black Death and draw evidence from primary source. Document 1: Source: Historian John P. Soon afterwards, the Balkans fell to the Ottomans. Romans forgot what made them great. Withoutaccessto the!wealth,!trade!goods,!technologies,!and!ideas!that. Rome had provided a strong government, education, and culture. The Fall Of Constantinople, The New Era, Reformation, And The Age Of Exploration. Although, it was under the clutches of the Christians, many Greek scholars were living there. The First G: Gold Gold was a hot item that explorers were looking for, but remember that it is really wealth, not just literal gold that explorers were after. Thus, making the Byzantine Empire a perfect location for a group of holy wars, which are known as the Crusades. The fall of the city removed what was once a powerful defense for Christian Europe against Muslim invasion, allowing for uninterrupted Ottoman expansion into eastern Europe. Constantinople was a city worth fighting for – its position as a bridge between Europe and. Europeans joined the arms race. In short my opinion is: no, the conquest of Constantinople did not have such a cause-effect responsibility for Age of Discovery, at least not so direct as it is implied. Portugal lacked the numbers and wealth to dominate trade in the Indian Ocean. The end of the Byzantine Empire also contributed to the decline of the great cities of Genoa and Venice. However, whilst Rome was indeed an important destination for Chinese silk during the first two or three centuries of the Silk Road (perhaps until 200 AD), from the 4 th century onwards, the "Rome" to which all roads led in the Mediterranean world was "Eastern Rome" or Constantinople. Mehmed II earned the nickname ‘Conqueror,’ and the city of Constantinople gave him a valuable base for further European conquest. Many scholars and artists fled Constantinople and came to Italy _____5. The loss of Constantinople also severed European trade links with Asia leading many to begin seeking routes east by sea and keying the age of exploration. after the fall of Constantinople in 1453, the Russian Czars came to see themselves as the heirs to the old empire and began to view. In Renaissance: Origins and rise of humanism. Even when it was reestablished, it never attained to the power and wealth it had once. In its heyday, the Ottoman Empire included not only Asia Minor, where modern Turkey is located, but also much of southeastern Europe and the Middle East, Egypt, and part of North Africa. It was finally extinguished by the fall of Constantinople, its capital, in 1453See also Eastern Roman Empire. New resources were a pretty big thing for Europe. The fall of Constantinople led to the development of the idea that Moscow was the Third Rome, and this was crucial in the ideological justification of the development of the Russian Empire. The battle was part of the Byzantine-Ottoman Wars (1265-1453) and is referred to as one of the darkest. GTT Communications, Inc. a good example is the mosaic in the dome of the rock in Jerusalem. (3) Southeast Asia became Europe’s greatest trading partner. The plague would have a major impact on the future course of European history. The Ottoman conquest affected the highly lucrative Italian trade and gradually reduced trade bases in the region. The effect of this on Christian Europe was enormous. (NYSE:GTT) Q1 2020 Earnings Conference Call May 8, 2020 8:30 a. Brief Description:Africa has been coveted for its riches ever since the era of the Pharaohs. The Roman Empire didn't end with the 476 depositions of the Western Emperor Romulus or the Fall of Rome. From the fall of Constantinople, the Black Death, shifts in humanistic thought, the splitting of Christendom, to the Voyages that led to the Columbian Exchange, the early modern world came into existence with the help of many forces. Factors that led to the Fall of Constantinople power shifts to western europe RESULT OF THE FALL OF Constantinople: Trade was blocked with Asia began searching for new routes to Asia After the fall: Exploration Renaissance. An increase in trade also helped to spur the Age of Exploration. Perhaps future generations will marvel at mankind's first steps on Mars, or the first meeting with an alien civilization. 866 - Danish Vikings establish a kingdom in York, England. With Constantinople under Ottoman control, the spice trade that Marco Polo wrote about was blocked. They started around the year 476 CE when the Western Roman Empire ended, and continued until around the time Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World in 1492. The Ottoman Empire Encourages European Exploration By Kallie Szczepanski Source: About Education Beginning in the 1400s, a new power arose in Anatolia and the Middle East. What institution dominated people's lives in medieval Europe? _____ A Desperate Call from Constantinople: 6. The impact of this event was extraordinarily large and influenced economy and geopolitics for many centuries. The First G: Gold Gold was a hot item that explorers were looking for, but remember that it is really wealth, not just literal gold that explorers were after. The fall of the city also ended European trading links with Asia. Nobles and peasants responded in great number to the call and marched across Europe to Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine empire. The rest of Europe looked on in silence as the warriors of Islam rattled their scimitars The former city of Byzantium or Constantinople was only a shadow of its former mighty self. The extent of European expansionism. While the Vikings were certainly more than just raiders and fighters, their war-related activities are justifiably central to our modern image of what the Vikings were, since it was their marvelous successes in battle and piracy that set the Viking Age (roughly 793-1066 AD) apart from the periods that came before it and after it. The experience of visiting the Holy Land in which. 862 - Novgorod in Russia is founded by the Rus Viking, Ulrich. Despite what had been the gradual demise of Constantinople, its fall came as a shock to much of Europe. The Fall of Constantinople was to change the geopolitical situation in the Mediterranean. After fighting heroically for 1000 years, the Empire finally came to an end. • The fall of Constantinople and general establishment of the Turks in that region also severed the main overland trade link between Europe and Asia – as a result more Europeans began to seriously consider the possibility of reaching. In modern times, the focus of attention is on oil, diamonds, and other valuable minerals. Key concepts: disease and demography. Trading routes were threatened by the Turkish Empire, especially after the fall of Constantinople (now Istanbul) to the Turks in 1453. In what way did the fall of Constantinople lead to the European Renaissance? A. By the 15th Century European trade for luxuries such as spices and silk had inspired European explorers to seek new routes to Asia. As Europe entered the period known as the High Middle Ages, the church became the universal and unifying institution. That was a critical event in Western history. Muslim closure of eastward routes may have spurred. Desire lead Europe into finding ways to discover new resources, and other countries did too. Discovered Azores. (Document A) This shows had the Arabs captured Constantinople in the seventh century, all Europe – and America – might be Muslim today. The desire to establish such a route motivated much of the European exploration of both coasts of North America. How did exploration and expansion affect the rights and responsibilities of people? 3. Religion also played a part in the growth of exploration. This post recounts the causes which led to the war, as well as the effects on the rest of the European countries. And the other political effects of the Crusades was that in checking the advance of the Turks the fall of Constantinople was postponed for three centuries or more. He also realised that the study of events was out of fashion. Christians believe that God is a Trinity of Persons, each omnipotent, omniscient and wholly benevolent, co-equal and fully divine. The fall of Constantinople in 1453 signaled a shift in history and the end of the Byzantium Empire. Unit 3 Asian Empires. April 20, 1453 Fall of Constantinople The loss of Constantinople severed trade routes with Asia, forcing European powers to seek out water routes. Prior to the Fall of Constantinople, the Byzantine Empire was predominantly Roman Catholic. Table of Contents: Part 1. 840 Words 4 Pages. Answer each of the following questions using complete sentences. Yet, if this was the sole cause, a diplomatic solution would have been found through the mechanism of the Concert. Age of Exploration. A gripping exploration of the fall of Constantinople and its connection to the world we live in today. The fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 had closed a crucial trade corridor. King John's son, Prince Henry , was motivated by a crusading zeal to convert heathens to Christianity and an economic zeal to gain access to west Africa's legendary sources of gold. Constantinople was the best-fortified city in the world. Most of the natives had never seen a white man and had little knowledge of smallpox, its etymology, or the speed by which it can affect a person and the rigors of pain associated with the same. May 29th 1453, was a Tuesday; the day that Constantinople, the place they called—and often still call—the queen of cities, or simply "the city" was overrun by the Ottoman forces that had. The capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman ruler Mehmet II, therefore, did little to effect the development of the Renaissance. In 678 and 717 AD the Arabs by Sea tried to take Constantinople itself. The loss of Constantinople also split European trade links with Asia leading many to begin seeking routes east by sea and keying the age of exploration. Historical!Context:! Until!about!1450,!Europe!was!mostly!cut!off!and!isolated!fromthe!SilkRoads. With that entry denied, Western Europe was forced to seek new avenues. Withoutaccessto the!wealth,!trade!goods,!technologies,!and!ideas!that. The Fall of Constantinople occurred on May 29, 1453, after a siege which began on April 6. Many Greek scholars fled Constantinople before and after the fall of the City due to the Ottoman menace They went to Italy, where they were welcomed. And what effect did the fall of Constantinople have on the rest of the Christian world?With Roger Crowley, author and historian; Judith Herrin, Professor of Late Antique and Byzantine Studies at. What difference did this political revolution make to real life in the former western Empire? For many 19th and earler 20th century commentators, the fall of Rome marked the death knell of. World History and Geography: The Middle Ages to the Exploration of the Americas. I can identify the areas of settlement for European explorers in North America and discuss the interactions with Native populations in those areas. All this discovering and trying to find resources lead to the Age of Exploration. Artists began painting about war B. The capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman ruler Mehmet II, therefore, did little to effect the development of the Renaissance. As for the Ottoman Turks, they started to spread Islam, which caused Pope Nicholas V to call for an immediate Crusade to retrieve the Holy Land from the Muslims. From the fall of Constantinople, the Black Death, shifts in humanistic thought, the splitting of Christendom, to the Voyages that led to the Columbian Exchange, the early modern world came into existence with the help of many forces. The historical truth, if any exists, is that Rome did not fall; rather, it evolved. Europeans were worried about the spread of plague and sought new lands to colonize in order to flee the disease. The third effect was that the fall of Constantinople was the culmination of the rise of the Ottoman Empire, a Muslim superpower of the age, that made trade with the Far East more difficult to Western Europeans, and made them look for alternative routes in the Atlantic. The Fall of Constantinople: A Captivating Guide to the Conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks that Marked the end of the Byzantine Empire Olmecs: A Captivating Guide to the Earliest Known Major Ancient Civilization in Mexico Celtic Mythology: A Captivating Guide to the Gods, Sagas and Beliefs. Describe the rise, achievements, decline and demise of the Byzantine Empire; the relationships of Byzantine and Western Civil izations; the conquest of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453; and the impact on European peoples living in the Turkish (Ottoman) Empire. In its day, the spice trade was the world’s biggest industry. com - "There is only one thing I want: Give me Constantinople. The whole of Europe depended on the trade routes passing through Constantinople for its gold, silver and spices. governed out of Byzantium (later Constantinople) and the Western Empire governed from Rome. The Fourth Crusade. Budapest _____4. As its interests in the Mediterranean declined, its interests turned to the East, notably Russia. However, From What I Know, Ottoman Turks Had Surrounded The Byzantine Empire For Quite Some Time Before They Actually Managed To Win The Legendary City. Long before the Fall Rome had already lost in secular importance after the capital had moved to Constantinople in 330. Although, it was under the clutches of the Christians, many Greek scholars were living there. On a November day in 1095, in Auvergne, France, Pope Urban II gave one of the most important speeches in world history as he presided over an assembly of important clergymen and officials of the. The printing press era was dominated by unintended consequences of applications of the technology and we are already seeing the dominance of unintended consequences in some areas of networked computers. ” Such a thesis can be best understood through a socio-cultural exploration of the complex relationship of man with nature, and how it has evolved through time. Of more importance to history was the effect that the fall of Constantinople would have on trade and exploration. Religion also played a part in the growth of exploration. They started around the year 476 CE when the Western Roman Empire ended, and continued until around the time Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World in 1492. What pioneering portuguese leader sponsored early European exploration?. The loss of Constantinople also severed European trade links with Asia leading many to begin seeking routes east by sea and keying the age of exploration. The translation into Latin of most Islamic works during the 12 th and 13 th centuries had a great impact upon the European Renaissance. The Cause of the Renaissance. 7: Analyze causes (Justinian's Plague, ongoing attacks f. Little did the Ottomans know that disrupting the pepper trade would spur the European Age of Exploration. The destruction of Byzantium in 1453 marked the passing of an era in a way that the previous fall of the city had not. It is common to think that the western terminus of the Silk Road was Rome in Italy. Despite the strength of the parallels between the two eras, it would be unwarranted to conclude. The Turks defeated the Byzantine Empire in 1453, cutting the land link between Europe and Asia. • Why did Europeans begin to explore the new world? • What was the impact of exploration? • What was the economic impact of Colonies on the mother countries? • How did the people of New France provide the basic necessities of life? • The 5 Economic F's - Fish, Furs, Farms, Forests, Factories •. The Byzantine Empire had been dying for centuries. Historical!Context:! Until!about!1450,!Europe!was!mostly!cut!off!and!isolated!from!the!Silk%Roads. QUESTION 1: The Fall of Constantinople in 1453 was the siege of Constantinople (New Rome), the capital of the Byzantine Empire which took place in 1453. There are not three gods, however, but one God in three Persons: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. 3) Describe the emergence and transformation of new urban centers during the later Middle Ages. This good idea had a negative effect. Effect The fall of Constantinople and its siege by the Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire which had endured for more than a 1,000 years. When the Ottoman Turks took the city, it was a symbol of the rise of Islam and the fall of the center of Christianity, making the Ottoman Empire the most powerful in all of South Eastern Europe and marking the end of the Eastern Roman Empire. The fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 had closed a crucial trade corridor. It has even been theorized that when Constantinople fell, the unique mixture of Greek, Roman, Judaic, and Arab knowledge traveled westward into Europe, thus lending a spark to the European. On April 2, 1453, the Ottoman army, led by the 21-year-old Sultan Mehmed II, laid siege to the city with 80,000 men. The event, which came to be known as the Sack of Constantinople, weakened the Byzantine Empire’s military and economic influence, which led to the invasion of the Ottoman Turks in the 13th and 14th centuries. For the next 2 1/2 centuries, Christian Europe, which had failed to come to Constantinople's side in its time of dire peril, feared the intrusion of Islam into the continent. The Fall of Constantinople. 862 - Novgorod in Russia is founded by the Rus Viking, Ulrich. Actually, it seems the whole of the Age of Exploration was at least in part inspired by the Europeans' dealings with the East. The city of Constantinople (modern Istanbul) was founded by Roman emperor Constantine I in 324 CE and it acted as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantine Empire as it has later become known, for well over 1,000 years. The following winter, it was spread by Genovese traders to Constantinople and Italy. It continued with solid momentum in the east with the powerful Byzantine Empire. Reconquista is the period from 780 to 1492. 2 Describe the impact of Constantine the Great's establishment of "New Rome" (Constantinople) and his recognition of Christianity as a legal religion. QUESTION 1: The Fall of Constantinople in 1453 was the siege of Constantinople (New Rome), the capital of the Byzantine Empire which took place in 1453. (2) European trade with Africa and South America increased. After fighting heroically for 1000 years, the Empire finally came to an end. But 476 doeis not equal 1347. Ottoman superguns It is not without some irony that bombards, all but abandoned as obsolete by most European powers by 1453, played a critical role that year in the fall of Constantinople, the last Christian stronghold in the East. And the other political effects of the Crusades was that in checking the advance of the Turks the fall of Constantinople was postponed for three centuries or more. With that entry denied, Western Europe was forced to seek new avenues. Fall of Constantinople 5. Why did Ferdinand and Isabella decide to expel Jews and Moors from the Iberian peninsula? 2. Crusades from Mr. GTT Communications, Inc. Despite the importance of the nude for the history of Western art, little attention has been paid to the effect of such images on contemporaries’ perceptions of nakedness. Forty years later, Ferdinand and Isabella would discuss such a voyage of exploration with the Italian navigator, Christopher Columbus. Europe, in particular, was unable to match Byzantine economic strength until late in the Middle Ages. It reminded people about the civilization of Ancient Rome C. The plague, named the Black Death by later historians, had a devastating effect on the European population in the fourteenth century. Far from being political or military, the most significant effect of its fall was that all trade routes to the East lay in Arab hands. Gonzalo Cabral. Negative impact of European exploration: Health: With European exploration on a full swing, it was inevitable that there would be a health outbreak. The Roman Empire didn't end with the 476 depositions of the Western Emperor Romulus or the Fall of Rome. Fall of Constantinople (May 29, 1453), conquest of Constantinople by Sultan Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire. Land was another prize. asked by anonymous on May 22, 2019; social stuides. History of Plague in Europe Prior to the medieval European pandemic, plague was not new to Europe, but its effects were confined due to limited exchange. 20 reasons for European exploration in 15th and 16th century? I have to get 20 but i can't find any other reason. The fall of the city removed what was once a powerful defense for Christian Europe against Muslim invasion, allowing for uninterrupted Ottoman expansion into eastern Europe. The Portuguese, making use of what Europeans knew about the world in the late 15th century, rationally decided to sail east around the horn of Africa to reach India, Southeast Asia and China. The most prominent was the religion of Islam. Constantinople was conquered by Turkish forces in the fifteenth century. Identify major effects of the Black Death and draw evidence from primary source. Constantinople finally fell to the Terrible Turks in 1453. Impact of missionaries in Europe and the world Regionalization of Catholicism and Protestantism Increased influence of the Catholic Church Internal turmoil and weakening of the Catholic Church Martin Luther and issues with the Catholic Church Impact of the Catholic Counter-Reformation Voyages of da Gama, Dias, and Magellan. As Europe entered the period known as the High Middle Ages, the church became the universal and unifying institution. Historical!Context:! Until!about!1450,!Europe!was!mostly!cut!off!and!isolated!from!the!Silk%Roads. The destruction of Byzantium in 1453 marked the passing of an era in a way that the previous fall of the city had not. According to the video, how did the Muslims destroy the walls of Constantinople?. Exploration had not been an entirely new concept to the world of Early Modern Europe. The fall of Constantinople was its main cause. The Aztecs were a primitive people who practiced rituals that. Feudalism developed in Western Europe at around 800 C. In its heyday, the Ottoman Empire included not only Asia Minor, where modern Turkey is located, but also much of southeastern Europe and the Middle East, Egypt, and part of North Africa. What impact did Gutenberg's invention of the moveable type printing press in 1440 have on life in Europe? nautical devices, cartography, naval engineering (plus curiosity, spirit of adventure, economic factors) - will lead to Age of Exploration). T he ancient city of Constantinople, located in modern Turkey and today known as Istanbul, was founded by the Roman Emperor Constantine in 330 who made it the seat of his reign. Constantine enacted another change that helped accelerate the fall of the Roman Empire. The Fourth Crusade. (NYSE:GTT) Q1 2020 Earnings Conference Call May 8, 2020 8:30 a. The 'Middle Ages' are called this because it is the time between the fall of Imperial Rome and the beginning of the Early modern Europe. For months, thousands and thousands of Europeans came through Constantinople to go the Jerusalem, the Holy Land, to fight the Muslims. Little did the Ottomans know that disrupting the pepper trade would spur the European Age of Exploration. It was the empire of the Orthodox Catholics, not the Holy Roman (Roman Catholic) Empire. The city of Constantinople (modern Istanbul) was founded by Roman emperor Constantine I in 324 CE and it acted as the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, or Byzantine Empire as it has later become known, for well over 1,000 years. The Fall Of Constantinople, The New Era, Reformation, And The Age Of Exploration. Words Childrens 01 Wordsworth Editions 20020101 Peribo Pty Ltd 20 In stock No 02 6. The capture of Constantinople stated the end of the Roman Empire, which lasted for about one thousand five hundred years. Constantinople. 1517 -- Luther’s 95 Thesis in Wittenberg. The sharp price drop has contributed to concerns about the prospects of a liquidity freeze and widespread credit difficulties for companies operating in the sector. Identify the Byzantine emperor who, in 1095, requested aid from the Catholic Church in driving the Muslims from Asia. He was educated privately until entering at Oriel College, Oxford, where, receiving 'no encouragement and little assistance in his academical studies,' he diligently strove to educate himself. The cities of Rome and Constantinople were the largest cities in the world in different periods of the history of the empire. The Ottoman Turks, who were Muslims and under the lead of Sultan Mehmed 11, had an army of 100,000 to 150,000, while the army for Constantinople had 10,000. Simplify each expression. The ongoing demand for slaves in Constantinople (modern Istanbul), Baghdad, Cairo and other cities resulted in the forced movement of more than ten million people from Africa, eastern Europe and central Asia, hundreds of years before the trans-Atlantic slave trade began. There was little trade, learning, or cultural achievements during these “Dark Ages. WHY EXPLORE • YES!. Romans forgot what made them great. In what way did the fall of Constantinople lead to the European Renaissance? A. How did it effect Europe? Global transfer of plants , animals, and disease. The printing press era was dominated by unintended consequences of applications of the technology and we are already seeing the dominance of unintended consequences in some areas of networked computers. The Byzantines had many enemies, including Arabs and some Germanic tribes, but they were able to survive Culture of the Byzantine Empire Citizens of the Byzantine Empire thought of themselves as Romans; they shared some similarities with the Roman Empire The Byzantines kept Greco-Roman culture alive while the Western side of the Roman Empire was plunged into the Middle Ages Culture of the Byzantine Empire By preserving Greco-Roman culture, Constantinople became a major center of learning. The same year saw the end of another. I did some back-of-the-envelope for North and South America (e. They moved gradually westward and were noted first in Roman records as a new presence somewhere beyond Persia. The year 1989 brought changes of government to most of these socialist countries. How did european exploration have great imoact in our live???? asked by Sumaiya on October 7, 2010; Math. 7: Analyze causes (Justinian's Plague, ongoing attacks f. Why did Ferdinand and Isabella decide to expel Jews and Moors from the Iberian peninsula? 2. European military conflict did not cease, but had less disruptive effects on the lives of Europeans. From Constantinople to Antioch: 1097-1099: By April 1097 the various crusading groups are ready to advance together from Constantinople. ” Such a thesis can be best understood through a socio-cultural exploration of the complex relationship of man with nature, and how it has evolved through time. The greatest shock to Christian Europe came, however, with the fall of Constantinople to the Ottomans in 1453. After the fall of Constantinople in 1204 AD, the Byzantine empire was almost broken. one sixteenth D. In 1486, Bartholomeu Dias and his crew became the first. National Gallery of Art Wyeth Lecture in American Art: Art Is an Excuse: Conceptual Strategies, 1968–1983 Kellie Jones, Columbia University. Nedbank, however, expects fixed investment spending to fall by almost 15% in 2020, and this will negatively impact sales of commercial vehicles. The Fall of Constantinople occurred on May 29, 1453, after a siege which began on April 6. The treasure of the New World flowed into Europe. The Ottomans quickly became an undeniable force and ended all other Turkish dynasties. As a result, explorers had to find new routes and their exploits began an age of exploration. Ottomans captured Constantinople in 1453, how did this encourage European exploration. This helped to spark the European Renaissance. One of the items most often overlooked is that it took the unemployed soldiers of the various wars—Spain finished its 700-year Reconquista in 1492—off to other continents to stay, or, preferably, die. Constantinople was a prime hub in a trading network that at various times extended across nearly all of Eurasia and North Africa. Constantinople was set up as the capital city of the Ottoman Empire. Even a cursory exploration of this method for visualizing routes between just three sites reveals distinct patterns in route variability based on time and priority in the ORBIS model. When Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Empire, a large number of scholars and artists fled to Italy. Feudalism developed in Western Europe at around 800 C. I did some back-of-the-envelope for North and South America (e. Charlemagne from Mr. Reconquista is the period from 780 to 1492. As early as the 7th century BCE, Greek colonists occupied the tip of a peninsula on the western shore of the Bosphorus Strait where the current is favorable and, of greatest importance. At that point, the Concert of Europe ceased to perform its central function, although it continued to exist until the outbreak of the First World War. Historical!Context:! Until!about!1450,!Europe!was!mostly!cut!off!and!isolated!from!the!Silk%Roads. Slavery as such had died a natural death in Britain and most of Western and Central Europe over the ten centuries between the fall of Rome and the age of exploration, but Americans of the Founding generation were the first people in world history to set seriously about the business of killing it on principle. How did slavery in the pre-modern Islamic world compare to slavery in the Americas? 19. 1521 -- Luther’s Trial at Worms and his conviction for heresy. In 1453 the Ottomans (a tribe from Asia Minor) successfully attacked the walled city of Constantinople. In 678 and 717 AD the Arabs by Sea tried to take Constantinople itself. It was the end of the classical world and the crowning of an Ottoman Empire that would last until 1922. The fall of Constantinople relates to the capture of the capital of the Byzantine Empire by the Ottoman Turks. The Soviet Union itself was promoting the democratization of its East European communist allies, as part of the massively important period of perestroika instituted by Mikhail Gorbachev. It reminded people about the civilization of Ancient Rome C. The capture of Constantinople 1 was a strategic victory for 21-year old Mehmed the Conqueror 2. ⦁ Fall of Constantinople to muslim ottoman turks. Many histories, including some of recent vintage, cite the fall of Constantinople as a spur to the Age of Discovery. European military conflict did not cease, but had less disruptive effects on the lives of Europeans. These events would create the most dramatic geopolitical upheaval until the discovery of the New World. Negative impact of European exploration: Health: With European exploration on a full swing, it was inevitable that there would be a health outbreak. The role of Christianity in Western history presents an interesting puzzle. How did ideas about isolationism and expansion affect nations and history? 4. And the other political effects of the Crusades was that in checking the advance of the Turks the fall of Constantinople was postponed for three centuries or more. Historians and students often focused on the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the numerous changes in Europe without ever once glancing at Byzantium. !!Without!access!to! the!wealth,!trade!goods,!technologies,!and. Many Byzantine scholars fled westward, particularly to Italy, and made a substantial contribution to the Renaissance. As Constantinople was called the "gate of Europe", its capture by the Turks, in 1453, marked the starting point of the Turkish invasion into Europe. By the year 1440 the Turkish threat was strongest than ever for the Christians of the East. The Black Death afflicted them, as it afflicted many European states - but they had recovered.